Research Databases & Digital Collections

Digital Collections

AAR Digital Humanities Center  

The Digital Humanities Center (DHC) of the American Academy in Rome unites the Academys archival resources in one single search interface. The DHC contains thousands of descriptions (metadata) of archival objects and digital objects (photographs and digitized texs) from the Academy's institutional Archives, the Photographic Archive, the Archaeological Study Collection, the Regia and Cosa excavations, and other archival collections. 

BASE: Bielefeld Academic Search Engine  

BASE (operated by Bielefeld University Library) is one of the world's most voluminous search engines especially for academic open access web resources. More and more repository servers come into being which use the "Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting" (OAI-PMH) for providing their contents. BASE collects, normalises, and indexes these data. BASE provides more than 70 million documents from more than 3,000 sources. You can access the full texts of about 70% of the indexed documents.


An interface for the Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis Project, on digitizing PACSCL’s (Philadelphia Area Consortium of Special Collection Libraries) medieval manuscript collections.

Bibliotheca Palatina -- digital  

One of the consequences of the Thirty Years' War was that the most important collection of books in the 17th century Holy Roman Empire, the Bibliotheca Palatina, was divided between two principal locations: Heidelberg and the Vatican. Since 2001, Heidelberg University Library has been working on several projects that aim to digitize parts of this great collection, the final goal being a complete virtual reconstruction of the 'mother of all libraries'.


Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München. Over 5,000 digitized 20th century monographs in humanities and social sciences.

Digital Classicist wiki  

The Digital Classicist is a hub for scholars and students interested in the application of humanities computing to research in the ancient and Byzantine worlds. This wiki collects guidelines and suggestions of major technical issues, and catalogues digital projects and tools of relevance to classicists. The wiki also lists events, bibliographies, publications (print and electronic), and other developments in the field.

Digitale Bibliothek  

Issued by the Münchner Digitalisierungszentrum of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek.

Directory of Open Access Books  

Similar to the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the DOAB provides access to books available in Open Access following OAI protocol for metadata harvesting (OAI-PMH).


Amicus (Canada, containing theses as well) ; ArchaeologicalTraces (mainly prehistory) ; CRL's (Center for Research Libraries) online catalog for dissertations ; DART-Europe ; Dissertation express (to order dissertations from UMI) ; Durham University e-theses (full text to many, but not all) ;  EthOS (The BritishL Library's e-theses online service) ; NDLTD (Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations) ; PQDT (open access dissertations at ProQuest) ; (France).

DPLA: Digital Public Library of America  

The DPLA is a US project aimed at providing public access to digital holdings in order to create a large-scale public digital library. It is a discovery tool for public domain and openly licensed content held by the US' archives, libraries, museums, and other institutions. It was started by Harvard University's Berkman Center for Internet & Society in 2010.

Early European Books  

Early European Books traces the history of printing in Europe from its origins through to the close of the 17th century, offering full-colour, high-resolution facsimile images of rare and hard-to-access printed sources.In order to develop a collection from Europe in the Early Modern Period, the Early European Books Project is working in partnership with 5 National Libraries to digitize their curated collections from this period. In Italy, the access is free to the holdings of the Biblioteca Nazionale di Firenze only.

Editoria Italiana Online (EIO) -- Torrossa  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Italian e-books and e-journals in Philosophy, Social Science, Economy, Sociology, Pedagogy, Linguistics, Art, Architecture, Archaeology, Music, Comparative Literature, Classics, History, Library and Information Science.


Digital collections from countries in Europe.

Full Text Archive (novels, poetry, drama)  

Over two million documents from the Bibliothèque nationale de France and other contributing French libraries.

Google Book Search  
Google Scholar  
Harvard Digital Map Collection  
Hathi Trust Digital Library  

Digital resources of many universities such as those of the UC system, U. of Michigan, etc., including the English Short Title Catalog and the incunabula collection of the Universidad Complutense, Madrid, among countless other resources.


... the Historic Environment Image Resource, contains digitised historic photographic images from all over the world dating from the late 19th century onwards. HEIR’s core images come from lantern slide and glass plate negatives held in college, library, museum and departmental collections within the University of Oxford. For further information and for access to the colletions click here.

Institut National d'Histoire de l'Art: Bibliothèque numérique  

Digitized art books from the INHA.

Internet Text Archive  
Italian libraries and institutions: digital collections  

Internet Culturale: click here to access numerous digital collections of Italian libraries; Rome, Bibliotheca Hertziana: click here to access the Hertziana's digitized material and here for their rare books; Rome, Archivio Storico Capitoino: click here to access the immensly rich material of Rome's archive; Rome, Archivio Centrale dello Stato: click here to access the databases; Rome, Sapienza: click here to access the digital collections. Vatican: click here to access the Vatican Library's digitized collections.

Italian Women Writers  

The Italian Women Writers project (IWW), issued by the University of Chicago Library, aims to preserve and provide access to an extensive corpus of literature written by Italian women authors (from the 13th century up to authors born in 1945), including the following types of works: anthologies, articles and essays, autobiographies, biographies, children's literature, devotional works, dialogues, diaries, dramas, epics, hagiographies, histories and chronicles, interviews and conversations, letters, memoirs, novels, operas, poems, reviews, short stories, and travel literature.

JSTOR: Open Access eBooks on JSTOR  

JSTOR offers a growing list of open access ebooks from respected presses, in various disciplines, such as archaeology, history, sociology and more. More than 500 titles are now freely available for anyone in the world to use.

Loeb classical library  

The complete digital Loeb Classical Library is fully accessible via the Library's subscription. More than 520 volumes of Latin and Greek texts with English translation are available in a modern and elegant interface, allowing readers to browse, search, bookmark, annotate, and share content with ease. Furthermore, the new Loeb editions are added twice a year.
Additionally, the 275 public domain Loebs are freely available through this list of downLOEBable Loeb volumes.

Metropolitan Museum of Art -- Digital Collections from the Libraries  

The Thomas J. Watson Library, the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s central research library, has over 900,000 volumes. The Digitization Initiative provides wider access to the Libraries’ rare and unique materials.

Michigan Library Digital Collections  
Museums: Worldwide database...  

... of university museums and collections (compiled by the ICOM committee UMAC). The project results from the recognition that universities and, more generally, higher education institutions, have museums, collections and cultural heritage of scientific, artistic and historical significance, yet many remain poorly known by their communities and the general public.

Oriental Institute Titles  

Some downloadable titles in Anatolian Studies, Hittite, etc., from the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

Oxford Reference Works  

The AAR's subscription to the Oxford Reference Works covers various disciplines: The Oxford Companion to Archaeology and The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology cover archaeology, The Oxford Classical Dictionary, The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization and to Classical Literature, the Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World, and Who's Who in the Classical World cover Classics. For Postclassical Art & Architecture there are the Concise Oxford Dictionay of Art Terms, A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art, of Modern Design, of Architecture and Landscape Architecture; The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists, of Architecture, of Art, of Art and Artists; further The Oxford Companion to the Garden, to the Photograph, and The Oxford Companion to Western Art and else.

For Literature (including theater performance), there are, among other, reference works on world literature in general, on English-language literature in particular: The Oxford Companion to American Literature, to the American Theatre, to Theatre and Performance, to Shakespeare, to English Literature, to Modern Poetry, to Classical Literature, The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature, to American Literature, to English Literature, to the Theatre; A Dictionary on Critical Theory, on Writers and their Works, of Literary Terms, of Plays, of Science Fiction, and else.

History is covered by a wide range of topics, epochs, and geographic areas: The Oxford Companion to the United States History, to World War II, to Military History and to American Military History; An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age; The Oxford Dictionay of Byzantium, of the Renaissance; A Dictionary of World History and of Contemporary World History, of English Manuscript Terminology 1450-2000; Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment, of the Middle Ages, and Who's Who in the Twentieth Century, and else.

Religion and the History of Religions are covered by The Oxford Companion to the Bible, to World Mythology; A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion; The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, of Saints; The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, of World Religions; A Dictionary of Buddhism, of Hinduism, of Popes, of the Bible, of African Mythology, of Asian Mythology, of Celtic Mythology, of Creation Myths, of World Mythology, of Superstitions; The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible and the Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation.

Philosophy is covered by The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, to the Mind, to Consciousness, and The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy. Furthermore, there are some reference works on Social Sciences & Political Sciences, also in a broader sense: The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics, of World Place-Names; The Oxford Guide to the United States Government; A Dictionary of Critical Theory, of Ecology, of Economy, of Education, of Geography and of Human Geography, of Sociology, of the Social Sciences.

Music (including Opera, Musical & Dance) is covered by The Oxford Companion to Music, to the American Musical; The Oxford Dictionary of Music and of Dance, A Dictionary of Opera Characters, The Grove Book of Opera Singers and of Operas,

Dictionaries & language reference: The Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary (English-Latin and Latin-English), The Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary (English-Italian and Italian-English) and also other languages. Furthermore, there are many reference works covering the English language (etymology, abbreviations, grammar, eponyms, rhyming, idioms, proverbs, phrase & fable, reference & allusion, word origins, foreign terms, slang, American usage and style, modern English usage, scientific writing).

PHAROS: the international consortium of photo archives  

PHAROS is an international consortium of 14 European and North American art historical photo archives committed to creating a digital research platform allowing for comprehensive consolidated access to photo archive images and their associated scholarly documentation. The collections collectively contain approx. 31 million images (works of art and architecture, the history of photography itself).

Project Gutenberg  

Project Gutenberg is the first and largest single collection of free electronic books.

ride: A review journal for digital editions and resources.  

RIDE is a review journal dedicated to digital editions and resources. RIDE aims to direct attention to digital editions and to provide a forum in which expert peers criticise and discuss the efforts of digital editors in order to improve current practices and advance future developments.

The Online Books Page  

Sponsored by the University of Pennsylvania, the Online Books Page is a website that facilitates access to books that are freely readable over the Internet.

Theatrum orbis terrarum, sive, Atlas novus.  

... [Prima pars]: in quo tabulae et descriptiones omnium regionum (from the UCLA Library).


The USTC (Universal Short Title Catalog) is a collective database of all books published in Europe between the invention of printing and the end of the 16th century.

Warburg Institute Library Digital Collection  
World Digital Library  

Offers full-text German-language publications in various disciplines.


AAR Tutorial: Library Research in Classics  

The Année philologique's list of abbreviations of cited works in classics; the DAI's (German Archaeological Institute) abbreviation list and the abbreviation list of Oxford Classical Dictionary.

Ancient anatomies  

Focusing on parts of the body, anatomical votive objects, cosmetics and more in the Ancient World.

Ancient Jew Review  

The site produces original content pieces, reviews books, interviews scholars of note on past and future projects, discusses contemporary issues, and creates a community of engaged readers with digital and in person discussion and book groups.

Année Philologique  

Accessible to the AAR community.

A database published by the Société Internationale de Bibliographie Classique, under the direction of Éric Rebillard, with the American Philological Association and the Database of Classical Bibliography, Dee L. Clayman, General Editor, with the support of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France) and the National Endowment for the Humanities (USA).


Aristarchus is a web site which provides access to a set of tools for research and teaching in the subject area of Greek and Latin ancient world.

Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt index  
Bibliotheca Classica Selecta (BCS)  

Jacques Poucet's comprehensive bibliographic guide to classics.

Classical Scholars: Two databases  

The Database of Classical Scholars, a work of international cooperation, is a  database that aims to provide biographical and bibliographical information on classical scholars from the period associated with classical scholarship as currently understood, from the end of the eighteenth century and the publication of F.A. Wolf's Prolegomena zu Homer (1795) to the current day. The CPhCl (Catalogus Philologorum Classicorum), an international network, is an encyclopaedic lexicon collecting the bio-bibliographical data about classicists.

Classics: Greek and Latin Texts  

Chicago Homer, Dickinson College Commentaries, DFHG (Digital Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum), Digital Athenaeus, Digital Latin Library, First-One-Thousand-Years-of-Greek-Project, Internet Ancient History Source Book, Lace: Greek OCR, Late Antiquity: Biblioteca digitale di testi latini tardoantichi, Loeb Classical Library (AAR only) plus "Loebulus" (public domain Loebs), Open Greek and Latin Project, Perseus Digital Library, PHI Classical Latin Texts, Tesserae, Theoi Classical Texts (classical mythology). Issued by various institutions, for further information see the according site.

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum  

To access the digitized volumes of the CIL, click here. To access the Archivum Corporis Electronicum, click here.

Corpus medicorum Graecorum / Latinorum  

The CMG, run by the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, features an extensive collection of films and photocopies of ancient medical manuscripts in Greek, Latin and Arabic; these materials have been made accessible to foreign project collaborators for use in preparing their editions. Many of the editions are accessible online; furthermore, there are concordances (to Kühn or Littré), the Diels Manuscript Catalog and up-to-date bibliographies. Additionally, the CMG site offers research tools and news in the field of Ancient Medicine.

Curse tablets  

Curse tablets of Roman Britain; TheDeMa (Thesaurus defixionum Magdeburgensis); [...]

Daremberg, Charles & Saglio, Edmond. Dictionnaire des antiquités grecques et romaines  

The full-text is available and searchable.

Digital Prosopography of the Roman Republic  

The primary objective of DPRR (King's Kollege, London; Prof. Mouritsen & Dr Robb) is to facilitate prosopographical research into the elite of the Roman Republic, its structure, scale and changes in composition over time. To that end a comprehensive, searchable database of all known members of the upper strata of Roman society has been established, which brings together information about individual careers, office holdings, personal status, life dates and family relationships.

Epigraphy resources  

Some sites on epigraphic material, issued by various institutions: AIEGL (Association Internationale d'Épigraphie Grecque et Latine) ; AIO (Attic Inscriptions Online) ; AXON Greek historical inscriptions ; CoDE (Center of Digital Epigraphy) ; CIL ACE (Archivium Corporis Electronicum of the CIL), to access the digitized CIL volumes click here. The site Current Epigraphy lists conferences, workshops, lectures, and links ; DPRR (Digital Prosopography of the Roman Republic, King's College) ; e-stampages ; EAGLE (Electronic Archive of Greek and Latin Epigraphy) , EDAK (Epigraphische Datenbank zum Antiken Kleinasien) ; EDB (Epigraphic Database Bari, specialized in Christian inscriptions of Rome) ; EDCS (Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss / Slaby) ; EDH (Epigraphic Database Heidelberg) ; EDR (Epigraphic Database Roma) plus Italia Epigrafica Digitale, europeana -- eagle project ; The epigraphic landscape of Athens (focusing on the relationship between public inscriptions and urban space in ancient Athens) ; HepOnl (Hispania Epigraphica Online) ; Epigraphic squeezes (The McGregor Squeeze Collection) ; EpRom (Epigraphica Romana) ; IG (Inscriptiones Graecae) ; PETRAE (Institut Ausonius, France) ; PHI (Packard Humanities Institute searchable database), and the U.S. Epigraphy Project.

Epigraphy: Inscription corpora, Latin & Greek  

AIO (Attic Inscriptions Online); Carmina Latina epigraphica Galliae and Hispaniae; CPI (Corpus of Ptolemaic Inscriptions); DOL (Dodona OnLine); EDAK (Epigraphische Datenbank zum Antiken Kleinasien) ; GVCyr (Greek Verse Inscriptions of Cyrenaica) and IGCyr (Inscriptions of Greek Cyrenaica); Hispania epigraphica (periodical publication) ; ICG (Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae); InsAph  (Inscriptions of Aphrodisias, including the late Roman and Byzantine inscriptions); InsLib (Inscriptions of Roman Tripolitania); Inscriptions of Israel / Palestine, 500 BCE to 614 AD (Brown University); IOSPE (Inscriptions of the Northern Black Sea); IRCyr (Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica); I.Sicily; RIB online (vol. I of The Roman Inscriptions of Britain by R.G. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (1955) plus the addenda and corrigenda); WPAIP (Wisconsin Palmyrene Aramaic Inscription Project). For further information please consult the sites.

EPNet: Economic & political network  

EPNet (Production and Distribution of Food during the Roman Empire: Economic and Political Dynamics) is an ERC Advanced Grant project and intends to set up an innovative framework to investigate the political and economical mechanisms that characterised the dynamics of the commercial trade system during the Roman Empire. For further information (goals, publications, else) please visit the website.

eScholarship repository: Classics  

Sponsored by the Berkeley Department of Classics, a world-renowned center for the study of Graeco-Roman antiquity.

Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum : DFHG  

Digital Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum. Offers an easier and deeper access to the FHG.

Galen Project  

The project, pursued by a research team at Utrecht University, aims to explore Galen’s theory of human nature from a variety of relevant aspects: physiological, psychological, moral, philosophical and religious.

Gnomon Bibliographic Database  

Bibliographic database for classical antiquity. Selections from the CD-ROM version. By Jürgen Malitz, Katholische Universität Eichstätt.

Loeb classical library  

The complete digital Loeb Classical Library is fully accessible via the Library's subscription. More than 520 volumes of Latin and Greek texts with English translation are available in a modern and elegant interface, allowing readers to browse, search, bookmark, annotate, and share content. Furthermore, new Loeb editions are added twice a year.
Additionally, the 275 public domain Loebs are freely available through this list of downLOEBable Loeb volumes.

Ludus and Locus Ludi  

Ludus and Locus ludi are databases on ancient boardgames, providing a wide range of resources (bibliographies, dictionaries, iconographical databases, information on conferences, exhibitions and more). A project at the Université de Fribourg.


MOISA: International Society for the Study of Greek and Roman Music and Its Cultural Heritage provides information on meetings & conferences, seminars, bibliography, and more.

Network for the Study of Archaic and Classical Greek Song  

The Network aims to promote the exchange of information and ideas between scholars engaged in the study of archaic and classical lyric, elegiac and iambic poetry.

New Surveys in the Classics  

The New Surveys in the Classics are a series of short books dedicated to key themes and concepts in the classical world. They deal with a wide range of topics, from key figures like Homer and Virgil, to subjects such as Greek tragedy, thought and science, women, slavery, Roman religion, and satire. The Library's online subscription covers C. Steel, Roman Oratory (2006), N.J. Lowe, Comedy (2007), N. Livingstone -- G. Nisbet, Epigram (2008), D. Spencer, Roman Landscape (2009), B.A. Sparkes, Greek Art, 2nd. ed. (2010), R. Rutherford, Homer, 2nd ed. (2011), S. Harrison, Horace (2012), and P. Gainsford, Early Greek hexameter poetry (2013). The volumes prior to 2006 are available in the Library.

Numismatics Resources  

AFE (Antike Fundmünzen in Europa, issued by the RGK and the DAI) ; ANS (American Numismatic Society) with MANTIS, the database of its collections ; the Badian Collection (at Rutgers) ; Coin Hoards of the Roman Empire (Oxford University) ; CNT (Corpus Nummorum Thracorum, issued by the BBAW and the MK-B) ; CRRO (Coinage of the Roman Republic Online, an online version of Crawford's RRC 1974) ; DIANA (Digital Iconographic Atlas of Numismatics in Antiquity); HNO (Historia Nummorum Online, focusing on France and funded by the LaScArBx) ; IGCH (Inventory of Greek Coin Hoards, open and accessible version of the IGCH 1973) ; MANTIS (the ANS collections database) ; MK-B (online catalog to the collections of the Münzkabinett Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, one of the largest numismatic collections in the world) ; OCRE (Online Coins of the Roman Empire, from Augustus to Zeno, joint project of the ANS and the ISAW at NYU) ; PELLA (coinage of the Macedonian kings) ; Portale Numismatico dello Stato ; RPC (Roman Provincial Coinage Online, University of Oxford) ; RRC (Roman Republican Coins in the British Museum) ; SCO (Seleucid Coins Online, based at the ANS) ; SNG (Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, a British Academy research project) ; and VCRC (Virtual Catalog of Roman Coins).

Online Books in Classics, Center for Hellenic Studies, DC  
Oxford Reference Works on Classics  

Accessible to the AAR community. For a complete overview on the AAR's subscription see below.

Papyrus Resources  

Several sites on papyri, issued by various institutions: e.g., APIS (Advanced Papyrological Information System; BerlPap (papyri at the Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin) ; Bibliographie papyrologique ; the Bodmer Papyri ; CTP (Center for Tebtunis Papyri) ; the DCLP ; D-Scribes ; Duke Papyrus Archive and the DDbDP (Duke Databank of Dokumentary Papyri) ; Forging Antiquity ; Herculaneum Papyri ; Heidelberger Papyrussammlung ; the HGV (Heidelberger Gesamtverzeichnis der Griechischen Papyrusurkunden Ägyptens) ; Kölner Papyri ; Macquarie Papyri ; ML (Magica Levantina) ; Organa Papyrologica ; Oxyrhynchus Online ; ; Papyrus Portal ; The Papyrus Carlsberg Collection ; PSIonline (Papiri della Società Italiana) ; PUG (collezione dei Papiri dell'Università di Genova) ; Trismegistos ; University of Michigan Papyrus Colletion ; papyri at the University of Warsaw, Department of Papyrology ; further links on the site of the American Society of Papyrologists.

Paulys Real-Encyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft  

Some of the entry articles are now available and searchable online.

Peutinger Map resources  

Digital editions of the 12th century original: Richard Talbert's Map Viewer, the Piggin Peutinger Diagram, and Omnes Viae.

Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary  

Latin-English and English-Latin. AAR only.

Propylaeum: Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Altertumswissenschaften  
Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit  

The Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit (PMBZ) is a comprehensive biographical dictionary for the Byzantine Empire in the early Medieval Period (641-1025 AD) documenting more than 21,000 persons. PMBZ Online is based on the print edition of the Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit (1998, 2013). PMBZ documents all persons mentioned either by name or anonymously in the relevant Byzantine and non-Byzantine sources, and secondly all persons mentioned in the Byzantine sources both from Western Europe and from the Arabic and Slavonic areas, together with those from the Christian East.


Research on fishing and fish-canning industry in Roman times. Database, useful links, latest news.

Reception: Ars Longa  

"Ars Longa: An index of every classical reference ever!" is a database for classical references, allusions, quotations, in movies, theater, TV, music, games, poetry,...

Thesaurus defixionum Magdeburgensis  

The TheDeMa database offers scholars an updatable corpus of all known curse tablets of Classical Antiquity.

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG)  

The TLG, a research center at the University of California, Irvine, was founded in 1972 with the goal to create a comprehensive digital collection of all surviving texts written in Greek from antiquity to present. By now, it has collected and digitized most texts written in Greek from Homer (8 c. B.C.) to the fall of Byzantium in AD 1453 and beyond, and contains more than 105 million words from over 12,000 works associated with 4,000 authors. It is constantly updated and improved with new features and texts.

Thesaurus Linguae Latinae  

The TLL project began in 1894 and is scheduled to be completed around the year 2050. The TLL is not only the largest Latin dictionary in the world, but also the first one to cover all the texts from the Clasical period up to about 600 AD. For more information on the ThLL, click here. The AAR, additionally to owning the print version, subscribes to the online database (issued by de Gruyter), that covers all content that is also available in print. The TLL open access provides pdf files of the print version.


ToposText is an indexed collection of ancient texts and mapped places relevant to the history and mythology of the ancient Greeks (issued by the Aikaterini Laskaridis Foundation).

Who's Who in the Classical World  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Archaeology & Classical Art

Abbreviations of frequently cited works in archaeology  

List of abbreviations for journals, series, lexica and frequently cited works in the field of archaeological and classical studies: Année philologique, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (DAI), Oxford Classical Dictionary.

Amphoras, other pottery & ancient lamps  

Some websites on the study of Greek and Roman amphoras, pottery and lamps: Amphorae ex Hispania ; Amphoreus ; Ancient Lamps ; the CEAlex (Centre Alexandrin d'Étude des Amphores) ; FACEM (Fabrics of the Central Mediterranean, on provenance studies on pottery) ; FARLI Ancient Pottery Database ; IARPotHP (International Association for Research on Pottery of the Hellenistic Period) ; Opus doliare signatum (on finds from Rome, Ostia and Central Italy) ; RCRF (Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautores, dedicated to Roman pottery) ; R.T.A.R. (Recueil de Timbres sur Amphores Romaines) ; SECAH (Sociedad de Estudios de la Cerámica Antigua en Hispania) Sfécag (Société Française d'Étude de la Céramique Antique en Gaule ; the older Actes conference proceedings are accessiblie online) ; Terres d'Amphores.

Ancient Graffiti Project  

This is a digital resource for locating and studying graffiti of the early Roman empire from the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.


Image database of the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (DAI) and of the Archäologisches Institut der Universität zu Köln.

Archäologische Literatur -- digital, UB Heidelberg  

Within its special subject collection Classical Archaeology, the University Library of Heidelberg holds an extensive collection of archaeological literature of the 16th through the 20th century, periodicals included. Many of these works are now digitized and available on internet.


Archeomar (The Archaeological map of the Italian Seas), issued by the Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, aims to create a register of all the underwater archaeological sites along the coastlines of the regions of Italy, which today has now covered Calabria, Puglia, Basilicata, Campania, Lazio and Tuscany.


ARIADNE is a research infrastructure funded by the European Commission. It brings together and integrates existing archaeological research data infrastructures so that researchers can use the various distributed datasets and new and powerful technologies as an integral component of the archaeological research methodology. ARIADNE has been further developed and extended to ARIADNEplus, launched in 2019.

ASA: Ancient Sculpture Association  

The Ancient Sculpture Association (ASA) is an international platform aiming to promote the study of ancient sculpture.

Athenian Agora Excavations  

The official site on the excavations in the Athenian Agora conducted by the American School of Classical Studies. Please click here to access the digitized excavation documentation (field notebooks, pottery notebooks, card catalog of objects, drawings, else).

Beazley Archive  

The Archive contains the world's largest collection of photographs of ancient Greek painted pottery. The Classical Art Research Center provides also other resources, among other, Sir John Beazley's digitized notebooks.

British Museum Collection Database  
British Museum online research catalogues  

Access to digital catalogs of the British Museum's collections, among other, "Naukratis: Greeks in Egypt" or "Roman Republican Coins". Click here to access the Portable Antiquities Scheme Website run by the British Museum and National Museum of Wales (on archaeological objects found by members of the public).

Capitoline Museums collections  

Searchable database of many digitized images.

Centre Alexandrin d'Étude des Amphores  

The Centre Alexandrin d'Étude des Amphores (The Alexandrian Centre for Amphora Studies) issues this database dedicated to the amphorae of Alexandria and the Eastern Mediterranean, offering, among other, a searchable database for the matrices of stamps of Rhodian eponyms and producers and the amphora stamps of Delos.

Classical Art Research Centre  

The Classical Art Research Centre at the University of Oxford houses, among other, the Beazley Archive, which includes the world's largest collection of images of ancient vase-painting.

Cleveland Museum of Art  

Access to the Cleveland Museum of Art's collection of Greek and Roman art.

Corpus of Ancient Sarcophagi  

The Corpus of Ancient Sarcophagi was determined for collection and publication of sarcophagi of the Roman Empire by the DAI (German Archaeological Institute) in 1870. In cooperation with the DAI, the CoDArchLab (Arachne) takes part in the re-conception of the Corpus of Ancient Sarcophagi.

Corpus Signorum Imperii Romani (CSIR)  

The Corpus Signorum Imperii Romani (CSIR) is an international academic enterprise begun over 50 years ago, aiming to document the immense sculptural heritage of the Roman Empire. These webpages are hosted by the Classical Art Research Centre, University of Oxford, on behalf of the International Association for Classical Archaeology (AIAC).

Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum -- CVA online  

This resource contains approximately 250 out-of-print volumes of the CVA in a searchable digitized format. New fascicles may be added at the discretion of the publishing museums.

Digital Cicognara Library  

The Digital Cicognara Library is an international initiative to recreate in digital form the remarkable private book collection of Count Leopoldo Cicognara (1767–1834). Cicognara’s collection of some five thousand early imprints still comprises the foundational literature of art and archaeology.

Dyabola (Biering & Brinkmann)  

The DYABOLA is a bibliography of literature on classical, early Christian, Byzantine, early Medieval, and ancient Middle Eastern art and archaeology and history. It provides citations for articles from over 1,100 scholarly journals, contributions to Festschriften, conference proceedings, and other collections; books; dissertations. The database covers publications from 1956 to the present and is updated monthly.

FACEM: Provenance studies on pottery  

Facem (= Fabrics of the Central Mediterranean) is a database for specialists of Greek, Punic and Roman pottery, housed by the University of Vienna, Austria. The project's aim is to give an overview of production centres in the Central Mediterranean region by presenting images and descriptions of fabrics.

Fasti Online: A Database of Archaeological Excavations since 2000  

Fasti Online provides a searchable database of archaeological excavations since the year 2000.

Greece: excavations, archaeological reports, news  

The project is managed jointly by the École française d'Athènes and the British School at Athens. Archaeology in Greece Online combines the Chronique published annually in the BCH by the EFA, and Archaeology in Greece published as part of the annual Archaeological Reports by the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies and the BSA.

Hellenistic Far East Bibliography  

Concerning the archaeology of Bactria, Sogdiana, Arachosia and Gandhāra in the Period of the Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Kingdoms: downloadable version of Mairs, Rachel, The Archaeology of the Hellenistic Far East, 2011, plus the Supplements 1 (2013), 2 (2014), 3 (2015).


International Association for Research on Pottery of the Hellenistic Period is a consortium of international specialists in the field of Hellenistic pottery with the goal to promote research and spread knowledge of this field. IARPotHP was founded in 2011 by a group of seven archaeologists from six countries (Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Switzerland, USA). It has its seat in Würzburg/Germany and is an independent, non-profit organization. IARPotHP presents an annual bibliography on hellenistic pottery (since 2012) and organises conferences at regular intervals.


ICAR (= Iconography and archaeology of pre-Roman Italy) assembles objects from pre-Roman Italy (Etruscan, Italic and Italiote from the 8th century BC to the Hellenistic period) with figured scenes in a database (descriptions, photographs, drawings and modern engravings and bibliographic documentation).


Imago: the Roman Society Centenary Image Bank: Over 4,000 photos of sites, monuments, inscriptions, objects from Rome and the Roman world available from the Roman Society's image bank.

Immensa aequora  

The project, hosted at the Università degli Studi di Milano, aims at improving the knowledge of Roman economy and trade in the Western Mediterranean Sea (4th c. BC – 1st c. AD), with particular focus on the production of pottery, including production centers, of wine and agricultural products, including the production structures, and on shipwrecks.

Institute of Nautical Archaeology  

The Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA), founded in 1972, is the leading research institution for underwater archaeology. See the site for the INA's projects, publications, and more.


instrumentum is a working-group that comprises scholars interested in the crafts and industries of ancient Europe and the Mediterranean. The chronological scope covers the European Iron Age and the eras of Greek and Roman civilization, with some overlap into the late Bronze Age and the early Middle Ages.

Jewish Diaspora in Late Antiquity  

Mapping the Ancient Jewish world project (586 BCE-650 CE), focusing on the archaeological material. Department of History at the University of Haifa, Israel.

Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC)  

Access to the digital resources of the LIMC on ancient iconography: LIMCicon contains data relating to Graeco-Roman monuments and documents. LIMCbiblio contains bibliographic data to complete the bibliographies published in the LIMC volumes. See also for a huge amount of related documents and photographs.

Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Firenze  

... digital catalog of the museum's Aegean collections, plus the Digital Archive for the Aegean Collections: DBAS-ACF.

Museum collections  

British Museum, London ; The Cleveland Museum of ArtFitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge ; J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles ; Musei Capitolini, Rome ; Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Firenze: Aegean collections ; Schloss Wilhelmshöhe, Kassel ; Staatliche Museen, Antikensammlung, Berlin: sculpture, ancient bronzes ; Uffizi, Florence ; [...].


NAVIS I and  NAVIS II are databases on the archaeology of ships, shipwrecks, and nautical archaeology; NAVIS III is a database on Roman coins with depiction of ships (run by the RGZM).

Nestor: Bibliography of Aegean Prehistory and Related Areas  
NPAPH project  

The NPAPH (Non-Professional Archaeological Photographs) project, an international collaboration, has the aim to preserve non-professional documentation of archaeological campaigns (prior to the 1980s) to the future and make it accessible to the public via digital archives.


Some sites on Ostia: Ostia Forum Project is the website of the ongoing excavations and surveys at Ostia carried out by a team of archaeologists and scientists at the Humboldt-Universität (Berlin) and the continuation of the joint web-blog of the Kent-Berlin-Ostia excavations since 2008, in cooperation with the Superintendency of Rome. Contains many and up-to-date information and data regarding Ostia. The site Ostia: Harbour city of ancient Rome offers useful material, clickable plans, images, descriptions, and many more.

Oxford Reference Works to Archaeology  

Accessible to the AAR community. For a complete overview on the AAR's subscription see below.

Platner's A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome  

Oxford University Press, 1929.

Pompei, Herculaneum & Vesuvian area resources  

Boscoreale & Boscotrecase: Centro Studi Archeologici. Herculaneum: MAV (Museo Archeologico Virtuale) ; Parco Archeologico di Ercolano (official site) ; The Friends of Herculaneum Society. Pompei: Blogging Pompeii ; Open Data Grande Progetto Pompei, provided by the Soprintendenza Speciale Beni Archeologici Pompei--Ercolano--Stabia. The Project itself aims at the protection and enhancement of the Pompeii Archaeological Area; its official website offers many data and downloadable documents related to the ancient towns in the Vesuvio area. Click here for a virtual tour. PALP (Pompeii Artistic Landscape Project) ; PBMP (Pompeii Bibliography and Mapping Project) ; Pompeiiinpictures ; Soprintendenza Archeologia della Campania and Polo museale della Campania.

Prosopographia Imperii Romani  

The official searchable database of "Prosopographia Imperii Romani", provided by the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Regional studies: Asia Minor  

Some websites and databases, including projects and their publications, on various sites in Asia Minor: EDAK (Epigraphische Datenbank zum Antiken Kleinasien) eDiAna (Digital philological-etymological dictionary of the Minor Lanugauge Corpora of Ancient Anatolia); ICG (Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae: a database of early Christian inscriptions from Asia Minor and Greece); Iasos in Caria; MAMA XI (Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua XI, on Phrygia and Lykaonia) TINA (The Turkish Foundation for Underwater Archaeology); [...].

Regional studies: Black Sea area  

Some websites and digital collections concerning archaeological and historical research in the Black Sea region in classical antiquity: Pontos (The Danish National Research Foundation's Centre for Black Sea Studies) provides many resources, Spartokos a lu gathers links about open access monographs, e-journals, provides bibliographies, presents new publications and informs about new discoveries and conferences.

To access the Journal of Institute of Black Sea Studies (issued by KAREN, the Institute of Black Sea Studies, Trabzon, Turkey) click here.

Regional studies: Greece  

Some websites and digital collections concerning archaeological and historical research in Greece: Archaeology in Greece online (issued by the EFA, the École française d'Athènes) ; Athenian Agora excavations and excavations in Ancient Corinth (issued by the ASCSA, the American School of Classical Studies at Athens) ; the epigraphic landscape of Athens (focusing on the relationship between public inscriptions and urban space) ; excavations at Isthmia ; at Samothrace ; [...]

Regional studies: North Africa  

Research on various aspects of North Africa in Greek and Roman times (issued by various institutions) : IGCyr (Inscriptions of Greek Cyrenaica) and GVCyr (Greek Verse Inscriptions of Cyrenaica); InsLib (Inscriptions of Roman Tripolitania); IRCyr (Inscriptions of Roman Cyrenaica); Rus Africum: Thugga Survey.

Roman Finds Group  

RFG, founded in 1987, provides a forum for all those interested in Roman artefacts. News on conferences, seminars, cfp, exhibitions, finds, more.


Some maps and digital topographic material on the ciy of Rome in classical antiquity, created by various authors or institutions: Anteiquae Urbis Imago (Pirro Ligorio, 1773 edition) ; Carta Archeologica di Roma, issued by the superindendency (the site links also to many additional material, such as excavation documents and archival material) ; DescriptioRomae, based on the Catasto Urbano Pio Gregoriano ; Digital Augustan Rome ; Digitale Topographie der Stadt Rom ; FastiOnline ; (maps from various times and many other material) ; the Interactive Nolli Map ; Linking Evidence ; Mapping the Via Appia ; Paths through Rome focusing on the structural organization of Rome's urban space in the travel literature from the 7th to the 16th century (topoi) ; Rome: Cities in Text focusing on travel literature (University of Notre Dame) ; Rome Reborn ; the Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae ; the Stanford Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project ; and VirtualRome. For further information see the websites.

Rome, Forum Romanum & Imperial Fora  

Several projects and digital topographic material or reconstructions of the Forum Romanum and the Imperial Fora: Digital Roman Forum (UCLA, CVR Lab), Digitales Forum Romanum (Humboldt-Universität, Berlin), the Forum of Trajan (UCLA), Trajan's Column (images generated by and for sculptor Peter Rockwell).

Rome, Palatine, Imperial Residences: Brick Stamps  

Database to the brick stamps of the imperial residences on the Palatine Hill in Rome, complementing the artice in the journal RM 121, 2015, 311-482. The current collection consists of 940 stamps, of which 599 were found in situ and 349 out of context. Issued by the DAI.

Rome, Via Appia: Mapping the Via Appia  

Since 2009 the department of Classical Archaeology of the Radboud University Nijmegen has started a field work project (in collaboration with the Royal Netherlands Institute in Rome, the VU University Amsterdam and the Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma), aiming at a thorough inventory and analysis of the Roman interventions in their suburban landscape.

Rome: Archaeological Data Archives  

A.D.A. (Archivio di Documentazione Archeologica -- Archaeological Data Archives), developed in and by the Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma, gives access to document sources on Roman archaeology and history, in particular the excavations in the city of Rome in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The "Giornali degli scavi" archival documents, 1873-1935, are fully digitized and accesible online.

Société Française d'Étude de la Céramique Antique en Gaule: Actes  

Proceedings of the conferences organized by the Sfécag (Société Française d'Étude de la Céramique Antique en Gaule). Several older volumes are downlowdable as pdf files; click here for TOCs of all volumes and here to perform simple or combined search in the volumes.


A database on radiocarbon dated and historical-dated textiles (1st millennium BC and AD). Run by the Abteilung Christliche Archäologie der Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn. See additionally the ATN / ATR (Archaeological Textiles Newsletter, since 2012: Archaeological Textiles Review) volumes, issued by the CTR (Centre for Textile Research), University of Copenhagen.

The Art of Making in Antiquity  

The project’s aim is to enhance our understanding of the physical process of working stone in the Roman period. The site provides information on monuments and sites, tools, materials, techniques of production, and more.

The Campbell Bonner Magical Gems Database  

Named after the American scholar Campbell Bonner, the primary aim of the CBd is to bring the entire corpus of magical gems online in order to make them better accessible for both scholars and the public, and to facilitate their study through the potentials offered by a digital database.

The Last Statues of Antiquity  

The ‘Last Statues of Antiquity’ project (University of Oxford, R.R.R. Smith & Bryan Ward-Perkins) investigates all evidence for new statuary of the period circa 280–650, as well as the slow decline (and eventual death) of the ancient statue-habit. The aim of the project is to document and examine the remarkable changes in the way statues were used in Late Antiquity, in the context of contemporary historical and cultural developments. Changes in the statue-habit indeed provide a very effective way of charting and envisaging the broader transformations that created first ‘Late Antiquity’, and eventually the ‘End of Antiquity’ itself. The searchable database of the published evidence for statuary and inscribed statue bases set up after AD 284, that were new, newly dedicated, or newly re-worked, was completed and made public in May 2012 (with only some minor revisions thereafter). In the meantime, the book "Last statues of Antiquity" has been published, too (see AAR Library catalog).

Uffizi, Florence  

The Virtual World Heritage Laboratory (VWHL), based in in the Indiana University School of Informatics and Computing, in collaboration with partners at the Politecnico di Milano and the University of Florence is digitizing in 3D digitization the complete collection of Greek and Roman sculpture in the Uffizi, Pitti Palace, and Boboli Gardens on behalf of the Gallerie degli Uffizi.

Vedute di Roma  

Photographs of many sites (ancient and later) in Rome.

Villa Hadriana  

Digital Hadrian's Villa Project: the Virtual World Heritage Laboratory created a 3D digital model of Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. This site provides access to the model and many other information and features regarding the Villa.

ZENON (Systematik der Archäologischen Bibliographie, DAI)  

DAI's bibliographic database for archaeology.

ZENON DAI (Deutsches Archäologisches Institut)  

The Deutsches Archäologisches Institut is digitizing a part of its valuable collection.

Medieval & Renaissance Studies

ALIM: Archivio della Latinità Italiana del Medioevo  

ALIM (Archivio della Latinità Italiana del Medioevo = Archive of the Italian Latinity of the Middle Ages) aims to provide free online access to all the Latin texts produced in Italy during the Middle Ages (8th to 15th century). For several centuries, Latin represented the only language in which, in addition to historical documentation, many of the major creations of thought, science, and literature of the Middle Ages were expressed. Jointly run by several Italian universities (Verona, Naples (Suor Orsola Benincasa), Palermo, Ca' Foscari in Venice, Siena-Arezzo).

An Analytic Bibliography of On-Line Neo-Latin Texts, UC Irvine  
BVH: Les Bibliothèques Virtuelles Humanistes  

"Virtual Humanistic Libraries in Tours": large digitization project (manuscripts, facsimiles, books, archival material and more) run by the Centre d'Etudes Supérieures de la Renaissance. For a description of the project, aims & goals click here.

Byzantine epigrams  

Byzantinische Epigrammatik (ÖAW) ; DBBE (Database of Byzantine Book Epigrams, hosted by Gent University) ; Pinakes (hosted by the IRHT) ; [...].

Corpus Juris Canonici (1582)  

From the UCLA Library. 

Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum (1866)  
CORSAIR: The Online Research Resource of the Pierpont Morgan Library  
Dartmouth Dante Project  

Searchable full-text database of commentaries on Dante's Divine Comedy.

Digital Atlas of Roman and Medieval Civilizations  

The Digital Atlas of Roman and Medieval Civilizations (DAMRC), edited by Michael McCormick, Leland Grigoli, Giovanni Zambotti et al., makes freely available on the internet the best available materials for a GIS approach to mapping and spatial analysis of the Roman and medieval worlds.

Digital Michelangelo Project  
Digital Scriptorium  

The Digital Scriptorium is an image database of medieval and renaissance manuscripts that unites scattered resources from many institutions into an international tool for teaching and scholarly research. The manuscripts of the AAR library (a book of hours and a breviary) are included.

Digitale Bibliothek, Bibliotheca Hertziana  

The digitized full-text of rare books in the Bibliotheca Hertziana collection.

Dumbarton Oaks Hagiography Database  

Includes information from the Greek vitae and martyria of 119 saints of the 8th-10th centuries, accounts of the translations of their relics, and collections of miracles, as well as notices from the Synaxarion of Constantinople (a 10th-century liturgical collection of brief hagiographical notices).

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index  
Incunabula Short Title Catalogue  
International Encyclopaedia for the Middle Ages  

The International Encyclopaedia for the Middle Ages-Online (IEMA), is an en­tirely new English- language supplement to and update of the Lexikon des Mittelalters-Online, produced under the joint auspices of the UCLA Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies and Brepols Publishers. Accessible to the AAR community.

International Medieval Bibliography  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Italian Women Writers  

The Italian Women Writers project (IWW), issued by the University of Chicago Library, aims to preserve and provide access to an extensive corpus of literature written by Italian women authors (from the 13th century up to authors born in 1945), including the following types of works: anthologies, articles and essays, autobiographies, biographies, children's literature, devotional works, dialogues, diaries, dramas, epics, hagiographies, histories and chronicles, interviews and conversations, letters, memoirs, novels, operas, poems, reviews, short stories, and travel literature.

Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Iter is a not-for-profit research project created for the advancement of learning in the study and teaching of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400-1700) through the development of electronic resources.

Lexikon des Mittelalters (LexMA)  

See also The International Encyclopedia for the Middle Ages-Online (IEMA), an entirely new supplement to the Lexikon des Mittelalters (LexMA). Accessible to the AAR community.

Manuscripts & Incunabula resources  

Álbum de copistas de manuscritos griegos en España ; Bibliotheca Medicea Laurenziana: Plutei collection and link to all collections ; British Library manuscripts ; BVMM (Bibliothèque virtuelle des manuscrits médiévaux, issued by the IRHT Institut de recherche et d'histoire des textes, CNRS France) ; CESG (Codices Electronici Sangallenses) ; CODEX: Inventario dei manoscritti medievali in Toscana ; Digital Scriptorium (consortium of libraries and museums) ; e-codices (Virtual Manuscript Library of Switzerland) ; Hill Museum & Manuscript Library ; ISTC (Incunabula Short Title Catalog) ; Iter Italicum (online edition of P.O. Kristeller's Iter Italicum, 1963-1992; AAR only) ; LC NUCMC (National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections) ; manuscripta mediaevalia ; ManusOnline (census of manuscripts held by Italian libraries) ; MDI (Manoscritti Datati d'Italia) ; Pinakes (on Greek manuscripts, IRHT) ; pyle (A Gateway to Greek Manuscripts) ; St. Gall and Reichenau manuscripts ; UCLA digital collections: Bound Manuscript Collection, Hathaway Manuscripts, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts ; Vatican Library: click here to access the digitized manuscripts and here to access the digitized incunabula ; vHMML (issued by the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library).

Medici Archive Project  

The official MGH (Monumenta Germaniae Historica) site. The MGH volumes are (will be) digitized (open access, with moving wall).

Monastic Matrix  

Women's religious communities from 400 to 1600 CE.

Nuovo Rinascimento  

Archives, bibliographies, primary and secondary texts on the Italian Renaissance.

Online Medieval & Classical Library  
Orbis Latinus Online, by J. G. Th. Graesse (1909)  
Oxford Reference Works on History  

Accessible to the AAR community. For a complete overview on the AAR's subscription, covering, e.g. reference works on Byzantium, the Middle Ages and the Renaissaince, see above.

Princeton Dante Project  

The Princeton Dante Project includes the full edition of Petrocchi's text of the poem; a vew verse translation of the poem; texts of all the minor works (with translation); recitation of the poem in Italian; historical and interpretive notes; direct links to the Dartmouth Dante Project, as well as to other relevant Dante sites.

Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit  

The Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit (PMBZ) is a comprehensive biographical dictionary for the Byzantine Empire in the early Medieval Period (641-1025 AD) documenting more than 21,000 persons. PMBZ Online is based on the print edition of the Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit (1998, 2013). PMBZ documents all persons mentioned either by name or anonymously in the relevant Byzantine and non-Byzantine sources, and secondly all persons mentioned in the Byzantine sources both from Western Europe and from the Arabic and Slavonic areas, together with those from the Christian East.

RenDico: Dictionnaires de la Renaissance  
Repositories of Primary Sources  

Links to Web sites describing the holdings of manuscripts, archives, rare books, historical photographs.

Rome : Linking Evidence  

Linking evidence: a digital approach to Medieval and Early Renaissance Rome, c. 1140-1430 is a hyper-textual online multiple database linking different evidences or sources, including descriptions of the city of Rome, inscriptions associated with monuments and works of art, and images attesting to the appearance of these monuments (either actual or imaginative) and to their transformation across the centuries. The descriptions of the different writers are also visualized through maps, where each monument is linked to related images and texts.

Post-Classical Art & Architecture

Antonio Asprucci Architectural Drawings for the Villa Borghese, ca. 1770–ca. 1793  

From the Getty Research Institute. Over 50 architectural drawings and designs prepared for the conversion of the Villa Borghese into a museum.


A database of books on architecture manuscripts and prints published in France, written in French or translated into French during the 16 th and 17th enturies (general treatises, treatises on fortifications, collections of models, books of ornamentation, technical treatises, and more). Access to the works takes two forms: consultation in image, or downloading the text transcribed. Each entry consists of a bibliographical note and a scientific description. Each description is brought up to date regularly.  

Portal to resources in art history. Virtual catalogue for Art History  

Accessible to the AAR community.


Accessible to the AAR community. Artstor is a nonprofit organization committed to digital collection solutions for universities, museums, schools, and libraries worldwide. The ever-increasing digital library includes more than 1.9 million high-quality images for education and research from a wide variety of contributors around the world. Artstor has also developed a complete set of tools to catalog, manage, and distribute digital media collections.


A database issued by the Musée du Louvre which allows to access its collections -- approx. 30,000 exhibits.

Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals  

The Avery Index describes journal articles on architecture since 1934, covering the history and practice of architecture, landscape architecture, city planning, historic preservation and interior design and decoration. 

Bibliography of the History of Art (BHA)/International Bibliography of Art (IBA)  
British Museum online research catalogues  

Access to digital catalogs of the British Museum's collections, among other, "Drawings by Rembrandt and his school" or "Russian Icons in the British Museum".

Census of Antique Works of Art and Architecture known in the Renaissance  

Census is an interdisciplinary research project centering on the classical tradition. The Census database aims to register antique monuments known in the Renaissance together with the related Renaissance documents in form of texts and images.

Census: Corpus Winckelmann  

The Census collection of data -- see above -- has been extended by the antique monuments known to Johann Joachim Winckelmann and his contemporaries. The Corpus compiles the knowledge of antique works of art in the 17th and 18th century in both visual and written documentation, focusing on the writings of J. J. Winckelmann, the founder of classical archaeology and modern art history. Alongside approximately 9.500 quotations from Winckelmann, the database provides about 5.000 further document entries from the 17th and 18th century which contain a total of about 2.700 monuments.

Codes Project  

An anthology of the codes, laws, and related documents that have created particular urban forms. Searchable archive.

Creative Commons  

Open access to audio, video, images, and texts.

Dictionary of Art Historians  

The Dictionary of Art Historians is a free, privately funded biographical dictionary of historians of western art written and maintained by scholars for the benefit of the public.

Digital Cicognara Library  

The Digital Cicognara Library is an international initiative to recreate in digital form the remarkable private book collection of Count Leopoldo Cicognara (1767–1834). Cicognara’s collection of some five thousand early imprints still comprises the foundational literature of art and archaeology.

Gell, Sir William, "Sketchbook of Pompeii," 1832A Dictionary of Modern Design  

From the Getty Research Institute. This sketchbook of 60-some leaves was created in the course of Gell's research for the revised edition of Pompeiana (1832). Accompanied by extensive notes, his drawings in pen, ink, and watercolor show general views, architectural details, frescoes, mosaics, house plans, inscriptions, and objects from the site.

Getty Research Portal  

The Getty Research Portal is a search platform providing access to an extensive collection of digitized art history texts from a range of institutions. This multilingual and multicultural union catalog affords art historians and other researchers the ability to search and download complete digital copies of publications devoted to art, architecture, material culture, and related fields.

Grosses Kunstlexikon von P.W. Hartmann  
Grove Art Online  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Institut National d'Histoire de l'Art: Bibliothèque numérique  

Digitized art books from the INHA.

Interactive Nolli Map Website  

The Nolli Web Site presents the 1748 Nolli map of Rome as a dynamic, interactive, hands-on tool. The public now has access to cataloged information about the map in both written and graphical form. The map not only provides rich information, but it has the ability to be updated with new data over time to embrace expanding knowledge.

Italian Area: Italian Contemporary Art Archive  
Literature on the Theory and History of Art  

Created by the University Library of Heidelberg from their extensive collection of literature of the 16th through the early 20th century. Heidelberg University Library provides digital full-text versions of selected works from its historical collections and makes them available on the Internet at no charge.


Full text access to many publications of the Metropolitan Museum of Art: "five decades of publications on art history, to read, download and/or search for free".

Metropolitan Museum of Art: open access to the collections  

The Metropolitan Museum of Art creates, organizes, and disseminates a broad range of digital images and data that document the rich history of the Museum, its collection, exhibitions, events, people, and activities. To access the enormous collections of the Met, click here. To learn more about its open access policy, click here.

Oxford Reference Works on Art & Architecture  

Accessible to the AAR community. For a complete overview on the AAR's subscription see below.

PHAROS: the international consortium of photo archives  

PHAROS is an international consortium of 14 European and North American art historical photo archives committed to creating a digital research platform allowing for comprehensive consolidated access to photo archive images and their associated scholarly documentation. The collections collectively contain approx. 31 million images (works of art and architecture, the history of photography itself).


Structurae is a database for works of structural and civil engineering, but also contains many other works of importance or interest of the fields of architecture and public works. This site is mostly concerned with the structural aspects of the works documented here and the technical aspects of their construction and design. At the same time we do take into account the social, historic and architectural context.

UCLA Library: Center for Oral History Research  

Archives of interviews with artists and architects.

Web Gallery of Art  

The Web Gallery of Art is a virtual museum and searchable database of European painting and sculpture of the Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Neoclassicism and Romanticism periods (1100-1850).



ArcHerNet (Archaeological Heritage Network) is a consortium of leading German institutions working on the preservation of cultural heritage. Coordinated by the German Archaeological Institute (DAI). Check website for current projects, conferences, publications, useful links.


arches is an open source software platform freely available for cultural heritage organizations to independently deploy to help them manage their cultural heritage data. arches is developed jointly by the Getty Conservation Institute and World Monuments Fund. For more information please visit the arches website.

BCIN, the Bibliographic Database of the Conservation Information Network  
Trafficking Culture  

Trafficking Culture is a research consortium that produces evidence-based research into the contemporary global trade in looted cultural objects. The site provides access to several resources, among other the Encyclopedia (collected case studies), publications (including the 'Culture without Context' newsletters, published by the IARC), and more.


Archivi del Novecento  

Joint efforts of the Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana, the Fondazione Gramsci, the Fondazione Basso, the Istituto Sturzo and the Società gegografica italiana to create a digital archive for material regarding Italy's history, politics, culture and society in the 20th century.

Dictionary of World History  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Dictionary of World History  

Accessible to the AAR community.


Forum for historians.

History E-Book Project  

The ACLS History E-Book (HEB) Project provides access to a large number of important books in the field of history.

Maps of Rome, 1550-1883  

From the Getty Research Institute. Over 40 printed maps of the city of Rome depicting the ancient, medieval, and modern city by graphic artists such as Etienne Du Pérac, Giuseppe Vasi, and Giovanni Battista Piranesi.

Oxford Reference Works on History  

Accessible to the AAR community. For a complete overview on the AAR's subscription see above.

Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire  

The PBE I Online edition presents the research output of the Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire project, 641-867 (King's College London, 1989 to 2001). For the period between 1025-1180 click here to access the Prosopography of the Byzantine World database.

Roman Republic of 1849 : Broadsides & pamphlets  

The Harvard Law School Library's collection, containing (digitized) printed broadsides and pamphlets reflecting most of the major developments in the Roman Republic: an introduction of the semi-republican constitution, the Statuto Fondamentale, by Pope Pius IX in March 1848; notices of growing republican sentiment, Italian nationalism and civil unrest in the spring and summer of 1848; documents from nascent republican institutions in the winter of 1848-1849; the meeting of the Constituent Assembly and the proclamation of the Roman Republic in February 1849; the republican government's efforts to establish its authority and initiate reforms, particularly in the law; the appointment of the Triumvirate in March 1849; the defense of Rome against French forces, April-June 1849; and the collapse of the Republic at the end of June 1849.


Travellers' accounts and views (15th to 20 th centuries) on places, monuments, people, in Southeastern Europe, Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Asia Minor, South Italy (Aikaterini Laskaridis Foundation).


Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Concise Oxford Dictionary of Opera  

Accessible to the AAR community.


DRAM is a scholarly resource of recordings, including CD quality audio, liner notes and essays from New World, Composers Recordings (formerly Composers Recordings Inc./CRI), and other important labels. The touchstone of the DRAM collection is the diverse catalogue of American music represented by the New World records and CRI labels, merged in 2007. From folk to opera, Native American to jazz, 19th century classical to early rock, musical theater, contemporary, electronic and beyond, New World has served composers, artists, students and the general public since 1975. DRAM also includes music from a growing number of recoding labels and archives. More than 4,000 albums' worth of recordings from a distinctive set of 42 independent labels and archives are available; new contents is continously added.

Initia Hymnorum Ecclesiae Graecae: Digital Version  

(Under construction)

International Association of Music Libraries, Archives & Documentation Centers  
La Società Italiana di Musicologia  

MOISA: International Society for the Study of Greek and Roman Music and Its Cultural Heritage provides information on meetings & conferences, seminars, bibliography, and more.

Oxford Companion to Music  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Thesaurus Musicarum Latinarum  

Collection of Latin texts on music, from 3rd to 17th century. Run by Jacobs School of Music, Indiana University.

Virtual Library of Musicology  
Who's Who in Opera  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Philosophy & Religious Studies

Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Database of Religious History (DRH)  

The DRH aims to be the world's first comprehensive, online quantitative and qualitative encyclopedia of religious and social history. For more information click here.

Dead Sea Scrolls  

The Leon Levy Dead Scea Scrolls Digital Library offers access to the scroll fragments.

Dictionary of Superstitions  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Dictionary of World Mythology  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Dumbarton Oaks Hagiography Database  

This is the online version of the Dumbarton Oaks Hagiography Database, originally released in 1998 as a set of floppy disks. The database has two sections: the introduction (containing general information about the project, and bio- bibliographical introductions to each of the saints of the 8th–10th centuries); and the database itself which in turn is divided into three sections (Saints' list; Author' list; search citations). The Greek texts may be accessed through the Saints' list (entire texts) or search citations (partial texts). Please note that the interface for this database is under development.

e-Clavis: Christian apocrypha  

e-Clavis: Christian Apocrypha is a comprehensive bibliography of Christian apocrypha research assembled and maintained by members of the NASSCAL (North American Society for the Study of Christian Apocryphal Literature).

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy  

Peer reviewed, founded in 1995, aiming to provide detailed scholarly information on key topics and philosophers in all areas of academic philosophy. Free access. The staff of 30 editors and approximately 300 authors hold doctorate degrees and are professors at universities around the world.


International bibliography of theology and religious studies.

Oxford Companion to World Mythology  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Oxford Dictionary of Popes  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Oxford Dictionary of Saints  

Accessible to the AAR community.

Répertoire des sources philosophiques antiques  

Collection of sources and resources (editions, bibliographies and more) regarding ancient philosophy, from the Presocratics to the 6th century CE. Issued by the Centre Jean Pépin, France.

The Cult of Saints  

The Cult of Saints is a major five-year project, based at the Faculty of History at the University of Oxford, funded by an Advanced Grant from the European Research Council, and directed by Dr Bryan Ward-Perkins. It investigates the origins and development of the cult of Christian saints, mapping it as a system of beliefs and practices in its earliest and most fluid form, from its origins until around AD 700 (by which date most cult practices were firmly established): the evolution from honouring the memory of martyrs, to their veneration as intercessors and miracle-workers; the different ways that saints were honoured and their help solicited; the devotion for relics, sacred sites and images; the miracles expected from the saints. Central to the project is a searchable database, on which all the evidence for the cult of saints will be collected, presented (in its original languages and English translation), and succinctly discussed, whether in Armenian, Coptic, Georgian, Greek, Latin or Syriac.

The Votives Project  

The Votives Project is a network of people from different backgrounds who study, create or use votive offerings or other related ways of communicating with the divine. It aims to facilitate dialogue between academic disciplines, and between academics and religious ‘practitioners’, and in doing so to develop rich cross-cultural and multi-period understandings of votive material and contexts.


Oxford English Dictionary  

Accessible to the AAR community.